What is Earthquake?
An earthquake is a sudden shaking or rolling of the ground caused by movements under the earth's surface. Some earthquakes can be mild while others may be severe causing massive devastation to structures, life and other natural resources. Earthquakes may trigger other natural disasters including volcanic activity, tsunamis and landslides. Earthquakes may sometimes be referred to as tremors, quakes or temblors. Severe earthquakes may move the ground enough to cause buildings to collapse and kill thousands of people. Earthquakes may also lead to flooding and outbreak of fires due to electrical lines.
GRAMALAYA imparts practical knowledge to be adapted during the earthquake to the communities through DPMC-Disaster Preparedness and Management Committee by developing disaster preparedness tool along with community planning exercise ( Focused Group Discussion-FGD).
Following sections details the preventive measures to be taken during a big community assemble, where DPMC and team of Gramalaya have trained the group in providing First Aid and safety measures. Here the community group is segregated in to sub-groups to think, plan, discuss, arrive and prepare to act as educated to them during the brainstorm sessions towards common understanding and awareness.
Before an Earthquake:
- Be well prepared to respond know how to respond naturally. Identify safe places in your residential area to'Drop, Cover and Hold on.' and you must know at the minimum two ways for safe exit after an earthquake.
During an Earthquake:
- Remain calm as the quake occurs – others will respond to your actions. A cool head can prevent panic. If you are indoors when the shaking occurs, stay there. Move away from windows and unsecured tall furniture. Drop, cover and hold on under a desk, a table or along an interior wall. Protect your head, neck and face. Stay under cover until the shaking stops and debris settles.
- If you are outdoors, move to an open area away from falling hazards such as trees, power lines, and buildings. Drop to the ground and cover your head and neck.
After an Earthquake:
- Remain calm and reassuring. Check yourself and other for injuries. Do not move injured people unless they are in danger. Use your training to provide first aid, use fire extinguishers, and clean up spills. Electricity connectives safely shut down processes when possible.
- Expect aftershocks. After large earthquakes, tremors and aftershocks can continue for days.
- Be ready to act without electricity or lights. Know how to move around your area and how to exit in the dark. Know how to access and use your emergency supplies. Be aware of objects that have shifted during the quake.
- If you must leave from residential venue, use extreme caution. Continually assess your surroundings and be on the lookout for falling debris and other hazards. Take your keys, personal items and emergency supplies with you, if safe to do so. Do not re-enter damaged buildings until an all-clear signal is given.
- Emergency Communication: Use telephones only to report a life-threatening emergency. Cell and hard-line phone systems will be jammed. Text messages take less band width and may go through when voice calls can't be made
- Above all, DPMC- Disaster Preparedness and Management Committee will be mentoring the communities towards mainstreaming linkages for community level advocacy to the Government to inform about the affected village.